Amphetamines are central nervous system (CNS) stimulants prescribed for the treatment of:
Hyperactivity, e.g. ADHD.
For example, two common CNS stimulants, Adderall and Ritalin, are prescribed for hyperactivity disorders and narcolepsy, but are commonly abused.
Amphetamines are often abused for their ability to suppress appetite and stave off fatigue. In fact, many people who begin taking amphetamines to lose weight or stay awake, for example to study, get caught in the web of use and abuse.
Amphetamines like Ritalin and Adderall are often referred to by young people as “smart drugs” or “study drugs” for their perceived ability to help students focus.
However, any immediate benefit is counteracted by long-term dangers, e.g., many theorize that these drugs harm a developing brain’s ability to learn and memorize information in the long-term.
Misuse of amphetamines can have a devastating and long-lasting - possibly permanent - impact on the person abusing them.
Here are the facts you need to know about amphetamine:
According to the Center for Substance Abuse Research at the University of Maryland, long-term usage of amphetamines can induce:
A host of other health problems, both physical and psychological, can result from amphetamine abuse.
Continued use leads to development of tolerance, and as tolerance increases, the dosage required to achieve the same high increases too
Over the long term, someone with an amphetamine problem can expect serious health-related consequences.
The effects of abuse can include:
Permanent mental and cognitive impairment, e.g. poor memory recollection.
Brain structural abnormalities have been seen in MRIs of patients known to abuse amphetamines.
Emotional disturbances, e.g. depression or psychosis.
Physical health problems, e.g. heart problems and malnourishment.
Social problems, e.g. withdrawal from friends and family.
These effects tend to worsen as the addiction progresses